The LEAD program will be rigorously evaluated. The evaluation will consider, among other factors, whether LEAD has resulted in reductions in drug use and recidivism, whether LEAD is more cost-effective than traditional criminal justice processing, and whether LEAD has had a positive impact on a community’s quality of life.
LEAD Program Evaluation: Describing LEAD Case Management in Participants' Own Words (Updated November 2016)
This report documents participants' experiences with and perceptions of LEAD case management in their own words.
Participants characterized LEAD case management as a positive change from other social services they had experienced. They appreciated its client-centered, advocacy-oriented, harm reduction approach. Participants reported their engagement in the program had helped them meet their basic needs, improve their lives, and rectify their relationships with and perceptions of law enforcement. The client-provider relationship was cited as key to the case management program's success.
LEAD Program Evaluation: Participant Housing, Employment, and Income Outcomes (May 2016)
This report describes findings for LEAD participants in terms of their housing, employment, and income/benefits both prior and subsequent to their referral to LEAD.
Participants were significantly more likely to obtain housing, employment and legitimate income in any given month subsequent to their LEAD referral (i.e., during the 18-month follow-up) compared to the month prior to their referral (i.e., baseline).
Read the full client outcomes report.
LEAD Program Evaluation: Criminal Justice and Legal System Utilization and Associated Costs (June 2015)
The Criminal Justice and Legal System Utilization and Associated Costs Report tests the effectiveness of the LEAD program compared to the ‘system‐as-usual’ control condition in reducing publicly funded legal and criminal justice service utilization and associated costs (i.e., prosecution, public defense, jail, prison) prior and subsequent to evaluation entry.
- The cost of the LEAD program averaged $899 per person per month. However, these costs included program start-up and decreased to $532 per month towards the end of the evaluation.
- Across nearly all outcomes, we observed statistically significant reductions for the LEAD group compared to the control group on average yearly criminal justice and legal system utilization and associated costs
LEAD Program Evaluation: Recidivism Report (April 2015)
The Recidivism Report tests the relative effectiveness of the LEAD program compared to the ‘system‐as‐usual’ control condition in reducing criminal recidivism (i.e., arrests and charges).
- People in LEAD were 60% less likely than people in the control group to be arrested within the first 6 months of the evaluation.
- Over the entire course of the evaluation to date, people in LEAD were 58% less likely than people in the control group to be arrested (see below).
Read the full Recidivism Evaluation.
Please see the LEAD Evaluation Plan to learn more.
View previous 2014-LEAD Process Evaluation.